Nymphenburg Palace is located in the west of Munich in the district of
Neuhausen-Nymphenburg. It forms a unit together with the Nymphenburg Palace Park and the small palace parks. It is one of Europe’s major royal palaces and is a popular tourist attraction. The palace was the summer residence of the Wittelsbach family for many years.
In 1664, Nymphenburg was gifted by the Electoral Prince Ferdinand Maria to his wife Adelheid von Savoyen for giving birth to Max Emanuel, a long-awaited heir to the throne. Max Emanuel himself played a significant role in expanding the palace later on.
France, Spain, Bavaria, Saxony and Prussia united against Austria in the Nymphenburg Treaty dated 1741. Electoral Prince Max III founded the Nymphenburg porcelain factory in 1747.
In 1792, Electoral Prince Karl Theodor opened Nymphenburg Park to the people.
King Maximilian I died in the palace in 1825, his great-grandson King Ludwig II was born here in 1845. The only meeting between Ludwig and Otto von Bismarck took place in Nymphenburg in 1863 and they remained friends for the rest of their lives.
The Revolution in 1918 resulted in Nymphenburg being managed by the crown and then being state-owned. The Wittelsbach family retained a limited right of residence that is exercised by the head of the Wittelsbach house, currently Franz, Duke of Bavaria.
During the Second World War, the palace was protected from serious damage except for a direct hit that destroyed the palace chapel.
The palace also houses several museums:
Marstall Museum (south wing)
Porcelain Museum Munich (south wing)
Museum of Man and Nature (north wing)
Erwin von Kreibig Museum (Südliches Schlossrondell)